Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander utilisation of the Quitline service for smoking cessation
Monday, September 24, 2012
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Aust J Prim Health. 2012 Jun 4. doi: 10.1071/PY11152.
[Epub ahead of print]
Cosh S, Maksimovic L, Ettridge K, Copley D, Bowden JA.
prevalence among Indigenous Australians far exceeds that of non-Indigenous
Australians and is considered the greatest contributor to burden of disease for
Indigenous Australians. The Quitline is a primary intervention for facilitating
smoking cessation and, given the health implications of tobacco use, maximising
its effectiveness for Indigenous Australians is imperative. However, the
utilisation and effectiveness of this service within the Indigenous Australian
population has not been examined. This study explores the utilisation of the
South Australian Quitline by smokers identifying as Indigenous Australian.
Quitline counsellors collected data regarding demographic characteristics, and
smoking and quitting behaviour from Quitline callers in 2010. Results indicated
that the proportion of Indigenous and non-Indigenous smokers who registered for
the service was comparable. Demographic variables and smoking addiction at time
of registration with the Quitline were similar for Indigenous and
non-Indigenous callers. However, results indicated that Indigenous callers
received significantly fewer callbacks than non-Indigenous callers and were significantly less
likely to set a quit date. Significantly fewer Indigenous callers
reported that they were still successfully quit at 3 months. Thus, Indigenous
Australian callers may be less engaged with the Quitline and further research
is required exploring whether the service could be tailored to make it more
engaging for Indigenous Australians who smoke.