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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Myocardial Infarction and Sudden Cardiac Death in Olmsted County, Minnesota, Before and After Smoke

Wednesday, November 07, 2012  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
...-Free Workplace Laws.
Hurt RD, Weston SA, Ebbert JO, McNallan SM, Croghan IT, Schroeder DR, Roger VL. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Oct 29:1-7. doi: 10.1001/2013.jamainternmed.46. [Epub ahead of print]

This study assessed the population impact of smoke-free laws by measuring the incidence of myocardia infarction (MI) and sudden cardiac death in Olmsted County (Minnesota) before and after implementation of each smoke-free ordinance. Results showed that compared to the 18-months prior to the implementation of the smoke-free restaurant ordinance, the 18 months after the implementation of the smoke-free workplace law, the incidence of MI declined by 33%. In addition, the incidence of sudden cardiac death declined by 17%. During the same period, the prevalence of smoking declined while the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity either remained constant or increased. The authors conclude that smoke-free workplace laws seem to be ecologically related to the favorable trends observed. Thus all people should avoid secondhand smoke to the extent possible, and people with coronary heart disease should have no exposure to secondhand smoke.


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