Telephone Counseling for Smoking Cessation.
Tuesday, September 10, 2013
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Stead LF, Hartmann-Boyce J, Perera R, Lancaster T. Cochrane
Database Syst Rev. 2013 Aug 12;8:CD002850.
This is the most recent Cochrane review of telephone
counseling (most recent search May 2013). The review assessed the effect of
proactive and reactive support to callers to smoking cessation helplines.
Randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials were included in which
proactive or reactive telephone counseling to help people quit was offered to
smokers or recent quitters. The authors conclude that proactive telephone
counseling helps smokers seeking help from quitlines. Callback counseling
(proactive support, where counselors make outbound calls to tobacco users)
enhances quitlines’ usefulness. There is limited evidence about the optimal
number of calls to offer. There is some evidence of a dose response; one or two
brief calls are less likely to provide a measurable benefit. Offering three or
more calls increase the chances of quitting compared to a minimal intervention
such as providing standard self-help materials, or brief advice, or compared to
quitting medicines alone.