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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Effectiveness of Proactive Quitline Counseling for Smoking Parents Recruited Through Primary Schools

Wednesday, February 12, 2014  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Addiction. 2014 Jan 15. doi: 10.1111/add.12485. [Epub ahead of print]
Effectiveness of Proactive Quitline Counseling for Smoking Parents Recruited Through Primary Schools: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.
Schuck K, Bricker JB, Otten R, Kleinjan M, Brandon TH, Engels RC

This study tested the effectiveness of tailored quitline (telephone) counseling among smoking parents recruited into cessation support through their children's primary schools. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized controlled trial with 3-months and 12-months follow-up. SETTING: Proactive telephone counseling was administered by the Dutch national quitline. PARTICIPANTS: Smoking parents were recruited through their children's primary schools and received either intensive quitline support in combination with tailored supplementary materials (n=256) or a standard self-help brochure (n=256). MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was 7-day point prevalence abstinence at 12-months follow-up. FINDINGS: Parents who received quitline counseling were more likely to report 7-day point prevalence abstinence at 12-months assessment (34.0% vs. 18.0%, OR=2.35, CI=1.56-3.54) than those who received a standard self-help brochure. Parents who received quitline counseling were more likely to use nicotine replacement therapy (p<0.001) than those who received a standard self-help brochure. Among parents who did not achieve abstinence, those who received quitline counseling smoked fewer cigarettes at 3-months assessment (p<0.001) and 12-months assessment (p<0.001), were more likely to make a quit attempt (p<0.001), to achieve 24-hours abstinence (p<0.001), and to implement a complete home smoking ban (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Intensive quitline support tailored to smoking parents is an effective method for helping parents quit smoking and promoting parenting practices that protect their children from adverse effects of smoking.

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