Text Messaging-based Smoking Cessation Intervention: A Narrative Review.
Wednesday, February 12, 2014
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Addict Behav. 2013 Dec 4. pii: S0306-4603(13)00416-4. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.11.024.
[Epub ahead of print]
Text Messaging-based Smoking
Cessation Intervention: A Narrative Review.
Kong G, Ells DM, Camenga
DR, Krishnan-Sarin S
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation interventions delivered via text messaging on
mobile phones may enhance motivations to quit smoking. The goal of this
narrative review is to describe the text messaging interventions' theoretical
contents, frequency and duration, treatment outcome, and sample characteristics
such as age and motivation to quit, to better inform the future development of
this mode of intervention. METHODS: Studies were included if text messaging was
primarily used to deliver smoking cessation intervention and published in
English in a peer-reviewed journal. All articles were coded by two independent
raters to determine eligibility and to extract data. RESULTS: Twenty-two studies described 15 text messaging
interventions. About half of the interventions recruited adults (ages 30-40)
and the other half targeted young adults (ages 18-29). Fourteen interventions
sent text messages during the quit phase, 10 had a preparation phase and eight
had a maintenance phase. The number of text messages and the duration of the
intervention varied. All used motivational messages grounded in social
cognitive behavioral theories, 11 used behavioral change techniques, and 14
used individually tailored messages. Eleven interventions also offered other
smoking cessation tools. Three interventions yielded smoking cessation outcomes
greater than the control condition. CONCLUSIONS: The proliferation of text
messaging in recent years suggests that text messaging interventions may have
the potential to improve smoking cessation rates.