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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Printed Quit-pack Sent to Surgical Patients at Time of Waiting List Placement Improved Perioperative

Wednesday, March 12, 2014  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
ANZ J Surg. 2014 Feb 18. doi: 10.1111/ans.12519. [Epub ahead of print]
Printed Quit-pack Sent to Surgical Patients at Time of Waiting List Placement Improved Perioperative Quitting.
Webb AR, Robertson N, Sparrow M, Borland R, Leong S.

This study aimed to measure the effects of sending a smoking cessation 'quit-pack' to all patients placed on the elective surgical waiting list. METHOD: Questionnaire-based study before intervention (mid-2011, 177 patients) and after (2012/13, 170 patients) conducted on day of surgery. All were identified as adult smokers at time of waiting list placement. The intervention was a quit-pack consisting of educational brochure containing cessation advice and focused on perioperative risks of smoking, together with Quitline referral form and reply-paid envelope. The primary outcome measure was proportion of smokers who quit on waiting list for ≥1 month before surgery, considered a clinically meaningful duration to reduce surgical complications. RESULTS: An 8.6% improvement in waiting list smokers achieving the target ≥1 month abstinence at day of surgery (P = 0.03). The number needed to treat of 12 (95% confidence interval 6-240) meant 12 smokers receiving intervention would create one additional episode of clinically meaningful quitting on wait list. CONCLUSION: Smoking cessation outcomes before elective surgery are significantly improved by systematic application of a printed intervention delivered at time of wait list placement that encourages and supports perioperative quitting.

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