Print Page   |   Contact Us   |   Your Cart   |   Report Abuse   |   Sign In   |   Apply for NAQC Membership
Site Search
Sign up for NAQC membership today!

Receive a monthly issue of Connections!
NAQC Newsroom: Research

Effect of Nicotine Replacement Therapy on Quitting by Young Adults in a Trial Comparing Cess. Serv.

Thursday, April 10, 2014  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
J Public Health Manag Pract. 2014 Mar-Apr;20(2):E7-E15.
Effect of Nicotine Replacement Therapy on Quitting by Young Adults in a Trial Comparing Cessation Services
Buller DB, Halperin A, Severson HH, Borland R, Slater MD, Bettinghaus EP, Tinkelman D, Cutter GR, Woodall WG.

Young adult smokers have the highest smoking prevalence among all US age groups but are least likely to use evidence-based cessation counseling or medication to quit. Use and effectiveness of nicotine patch were explored in a randomized trial evaluating smoking cessation interventions with this population. PARTICIPANTS: Smokers aged 18 to 30 (n = 3094) were recruited through online and off-line methods and from telephone quit lines. DESIGN: Smokers were enrolled in a pretest-posttest trial, and randomized to 1 of 3 cessation services. SETTING: Trial delivering counseling services by self-help booklet, telephone quit lines, or online expert system in the 48 continental United States. INTERVENTION: Smokers could request a free 2-week course of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) patches from the project. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Follow-up surveys at 12 and 26 weeks assessed smoking abstinence, use of NRT, counseling, and other cessation medications. RESULTS: Overall, 69.0% of smokers reported using NRT (M = 3.2 weeks) at 12 weeks and 74.8% (M = 3.3 weeks) at 26 weeks. More smokers who were sent the free nicotine patches (n = 1695; 54.8%) reported using NRT than those who did not receive them (12 weeks: 84.3% vs 41.9%, P < .001; 26 weeks: 87.6% vs 51.1%, P < .001). The use of NRT was associated with greater smoking abstinence at 12 weeks (P < .001) and 26 weeks (P < .05), especially if used for more than 2 weeks (P < .001). Smokers assigned to a self-help booklet or cessation Web site and heavier smokers were most likely to use NRT (P < .05), whereas those reporting marijuana use and binge drinking used NRT less (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Many young adults were willing to try NRT, and it appeared to help them quit in the context of community-based cessation services. Strategies should be developed to make NRT available to this age group and support them in using it to prevent lifelong smoking.


Sign In


Forgot your password?

Not a NAQC Member?

Latest News
Calendar

9/28/2016
FY2016 Annual Survey Training Webinar

Membership 11 years!.

    3219 E. Camelback Road, #416, Phoenix, AZ 85018 | Ph: 800.398.5489 | Fax: 800.398.5489 | email: naqc@naquitline.org