The Community Preventive Services Task Force Update!
Friday, December 12, 2014
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
The Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) released the following findings on Reducing Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke Exposure:
1. Reduce the prevalence of tobacco use in adults and young people,
2. Reduce tobacco product consumption,
3. Increase quitting, and
4. Contribute to reductions in tobacco-related diseases and deaths.
· Economic evidence indicates that comprehensive tobacco control programs are cost-effective, and healthcare savings exceed intervention costs
Why is this important?
- Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States. Cigarette smoking has been causally linked to diseases of nearly all organs of the body, to diminished health status and to harm to the fetus (CDC, 2014).
- Smoking imposes an immense burden on society with over 480,000 premature deaths, over $156 billion in lost productivity costs, and at least $133 billion in direct medical care expenditures in the United States each year (CDC, 2014).
- Smokeless tobacco, cigars, and pipes also have deadly consequences, including lung, larynx, esophageal, and oral cancers as well as coronary heart disease (CDC, 2004, CDC, 2006; National Cancer Institute, 1998).
- Secondhand smoke exposure causes serious disease and death, including cancer, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, and adverse effects on the health of infants and children including sudden infant death syndrome (CDC, 2014). An estimated 88 million nonsmoking Americans, including about 54% of young children aged 3–11 years, are exposed to secondhand smoke (CDC, 2010).
Who should know about this Task Force recommendation?
Those interested in community-based strategies to reduce tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure may be interested in these recommendations, such as public health professionals, clinicians, health care organizations, insurers, and employers.
What materials are available to help share this information with others?
- News Story - Use this ready-to-go story for newsletters and websites, or simply link to it from the following introduction:
o The Community Preventive Services Task Force announced that it recommends comprehensive tobacco control programs to reduce tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure.
o Working on controlling tobacco use? Implement what works: comprehensive tobacco control programs #TheCommunityGuide http://bit.ly/1yCTnmC
o Do comprehensive tobacco control programs cut tobacco use? Task Force says yes. #TheCommunityGuide http://bit.ly/1yCTnmC
o Comprehensive tobacco control programs = Cost-effective tobacco control. #TheCommunityGuide http://bit.ly/1yCTnmC
o See #TheCommunityGuide for >210 findings from the Community Preventive Services Task Force. http://bit.ly/10buxvA
- Community Guide Flyer – Use this as a handout, web link, attachment, or as a source of wording for materials you develop.
- One-pager – Use this as a handout, web link, attachment for a quick summary of the Task Force findings with links for more information
- Content syndication—Post automatically-updated Community Guide content on your website, such as a list of all Task Force findings on this topic.
- Descriptions of the Task Force, The Community Guide, and Liaisons - Feel free to use language provided in the next section in your promotional materials.
What are the Task Force, Community Guide, and Liaisons?
- The Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) is an independent, nonfederal, uncompensated panel of public health and prevention experts. The Task Force works to improve the health of all Americans by providing evidence-based recommendations about community preventive programs, services, and policies to improve health. Its members represent a broad range of research, practice, and policy expertise in community prevention services, public health, health promotion, and disease prevention.
- The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide) is a website that is a collection of all the evidence-based findings and recommendations of the Community Preventive Services Task Force.
- Liaisons to the Task Force— Many of the nation’s leading health practice and research agencies and organizations hold official Liaison status with the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force). They participate in Task Force meetings; serve on systematic review teams; represent the views, concerns, and needs of their organizations and constituents; and disseminate findings to their members and constituents.
- CDC. The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2004 [accessed 2013 June 25].
- CDC. The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2006.
- CDC. The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014.
- CDC. State-Specific Smoking-Attributable Mortality and Years of Potential Life Lost --- United States, 2000--2004 MMWR, 2009, 58(2);29-33.
- CDC. Vital Signs: Nonsmokers' Exposure to Secondhand Smoke—United States, 1999–2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2010;59(35):1141–6 [accessed 2014 Oct 9].
- National Cancer Institute. Cigars: Health Effects and Trends [PDF–2.93 MB]. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. 9. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, 1998. [accessed 2013 June 25].
- World Health Organization. Smokeless Tobacco and Some Tobacco-Specific N-Nitrosamines [PDF–3.18 MB]. International Agency for Research on Cancer Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans Vol. 89. Lyon, (France): World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2007 [accessed 2013 June 25].