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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Telephone Counseling for Population-based Smoking Cessation

Friday, February 13, 2015  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Patricia M. Smith, PhD; Roy Cameron, PhD; Paul W. McDonald, PhD, Beth Kawash, MSc; Cheryl Madill, MSc; K. Steven Brown, PhD
Telephone Counseling for Population-based Smoking Cessation
Health Behavior. 2004;28(3):231-241

Objectives: To examine the options for use, efficiency, and effectiveness for structuring a population-based telephone smoking-cessation service. Methods: Callers (n=632) to a 1-800 number were randomized in a 2 (50-minute counseling with 2/6 calls) x 2 (pamphlet/ booklet) design with print only control. Results: Six-month use of the service was 0.6% of adult smokers. Service promotion cost $31.02/person. Telephone counseling resulted in higher continued abstinence (5%) than did print only (1%), P<.05. Amount of print and calls did not increase cessation.

Six calls resulted in lower completion rates than 2 (22% vs 56%, P<.05). Conclusions: For planning, consider 1% use, low-cost promotion, pamphlet, 50-minute initial counseling plus 2 follow-ups, and minimize call-attempts. 

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