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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Gender and Stimulus Control of Smoking Behavior.

Monday, April 13, 2015  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Stuart G. Ferguson, Mai Frandsen, Michael S. Dunbar, and Saul Shiffman
Gender and Stimulus Control of Smoking Behavior.
Nicotine Tob Res (2015) 17 (4): 431-437 doi:10.1093/ntr/ntu195

Gender differences in smoking behavior have been proposed to account for poorer outcomes among women attempting to quit. Specifically, it has been suggested that women’s smoking behavior is less motivated by nicotine-seeking and more driven by environmental cues. To date, however, few real-world studies have examined the hypothesis that women’s smoking is under greater stimulus control.
EMA analyses suggest that men and women are similarly influenced by cues, including mood. Where there were gender differences, it was men rather than women whose smoking behavior was more influenced by cues. The data contradict the hypothesis that women’s smoking is more influenced by cues.

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