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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Primary Care Provider-Delivered Smoking Cessation Interventions and Smoking Cessation Among Partic.

Thursday, July 9, 2015  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Elyse R. Park, PhD, MPH; Ilana F. Gareen, PhD; Sandra Japuntich, PhD; Inga Lennes, MD; Kelly Hyland, BA; Sarah DeMello, MS; JoRean D. Sicks, MS; Nancy A. Rigotti, MD
Primary Care Provider-Delivered Smoking Cessation Interventions and Smoking Cessation Among Participants in the National Lung Screening Trial. 
JAMA Intern Med. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.2391 Published online June 15, 2015.
 
The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) found a reduction in lung cancer mortality among participants screened with low-dose computed tomography vs chest radiography. In February 2015, Medicare announced its decision to cover annual lung screening for patients with a significant smoking history. These guidelines promote smoking cessation treatment as an adjunct to screening, but the frequency and effectiveness of clinician-delivered smoking cessation interventions delivered after lung screening are unknown. Assist and arrange follow-up delivered by primary care providers to smokers who were participating in the NLST were associated with increased quitting; less intensive interventions (ask, advise, and assess) were not. However, rates of assist and arrange follow-up were relatively low. Our findings confirm the need for and benefit of clinicians taking more active intervention steps in helping patients who undergo screening to quit smoking.


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