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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Trends in Quit Attempts Among Adult Cigarette Smokers — United States, 2001–2013

Monday, October 19, 2015  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
S. René Lavinghouze, MA; Ann Malarcher, PhD; Amal Jama, MPH; Linda Neff, PhD; Karen Debrot, DrPH; Laura Whalen, MPH
Trends in Quit Attempts Among Adult Cigarette Smokers — United States, 2001–2013
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. October 15, 2015.
CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for the years 2001-2010 and 2011–2013 to provide updated state-specific trends in quit attempts among adult smokers. During 2001-2010, the proportion of adult cigarette smokers who had made a quit attempt in the past 12 months increased in 29 states and the US Virgin Islands. During 2011-2013, quit attempts increased in Hawaii and Puerto Rico and decreased in New Mexico. In 2013, past year quit attempts were reported most frequently by smokers in Puerto Rico and Guam (76.4%) and least frequently by those in Kentucky (56.2%). In every state, older smokers were generally less likely to report a past year quit attempt than were younger smokers.
The findings in this report support previous findings on variations in quit attempts among state and underscore the continued need for surveillance and evaluation of health-risk behaviors to guide preventive health care services. Variations by states in the proportion of cigarette smokers who reported having made a quit attempt in the past year might be attributed to a number of factors, including differences in population demographics; tobacco control program infrastructure, programs, and policies; and awareness, availability, accessibility, and use of smoking cessation treatments. Nationally, younger people, African Americans, and those with higher than a high-school diploma were more likely to report quit attempts in the last year than were older people, whites, and those with less education.

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