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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Characteristics of Users and Usage of Different Types of Electronic Cigarettes: Findings From an Onl

Tuesday, February 16, 2016  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Jean-François Etter
Characteristics of Users and Usage of Different Types of Electronic Cigarettes: Findings From an Online Survey.
Addictions Article first published online: 13 JAN 2016. DOI: 10.1111/add.13240
Studying users of e-cigarettes is important to help determine whether these devices aid smoking cessation. Obtaining data in representative samples is difficult, but online surveys of users may begin to build a picture. Therefore, this study aimed, through a large online survey, to describe usage and characteristics of users of e-cigarettes. Cross-sectional internet survey between 2012 and 2014.
A total of 2807 current e-cigarette users enrolled via e-cigarette and smoking cessation websites, who lived in France (n = 988), the United States (n = 579), Switzerland (n = 310), the United Kingdom (n = 143) and other countries (n = 787). Type of e-cigarette used: pre-filled cartridges (n = 71), unmodified refillable tanks (n = 758), modified refillable tanks (n = 392), patterns of use, perceived effects.
Pre-filled models were perceived to be less effective than unmodified refillable tanks for smoking cessation by former smokers (‘definitely helped’: 74% vs. 94%, P < 0.001) and by current smokers for smoking reduction (‘definitely helped’: 37% vs. 78%, P < 0.001). Users modified their e-cigarettes mainly to obtain a better taste (‘very true’ 60%, 55.5–64.5%). Modified tanks were perceived to make it easier to abstain from smoking than unmodified tanks 95% vs. 89%, P < 0.001); 34% of users of pre-filled cartridges, 60% of users of unmodified tanks and 83% of users of modified tanks were men (P < 0.001).

Newer-generation e-cigarettes were perceived to be more satisfactory and more effective for refraining from smoking than older models. Women tended to use pre-filled, unmodified models, which were perceived by participants to be the least effective in terms of abstaining from smoking.

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