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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Social Disparities in Unaided Quit Attempts Among Daily Current and Former Smokers: Results From the

Monday, August 15, 2016  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Molly McCarthy, MPH, Mohammad Siahpush, PhD, Raees A. Shaikh, MBBS, MPH, Asia Sikora Kessler, PhD and Melissa Tibbits, PhD
Social Disparities in Unaided Quit Attempts Among Daily Current and Former Smokers: Results From the 2010–2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
Nicotine Tob Res (2016) 18 (8):1705-1710.doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntw007First published online: January 13, 2016
 
There are well-documented inverse relationships between smoking and smoking cessation with measures of socioeconomic status. This study used nationally representative data to examine unaided quit attempts and their socio-demographic determinants among daily current and former smokers who made a quit attempt in the last 12 months (2010–2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey). Analysis was limited to current daily smokers who made a quit attempt in the past year and former smokers who were daily smokers 1 year prior to the survey (N = 8201). Nearly 62% (n = 5078) of the sample made an unaided quit attempt. Adjusted results indicated unaided quit attempts were more likely among males compared to females (P < .001), younger age groups compared to older age groups (P < .001), non-Hispanic blacks compared to non-Hispanic whites (P < .001), among people with lower income compared to people with higher income (P < .001), and among people with lower nicotine dependence compared to those with higher nicotine dependence (P < .001). Most quit attempts were unaided and there were significant socio-demographic disparities in unaided quit attempts. Considering that cessation aids enhance the likelihood of quitting, policies and programs should target populations which are more likely to attempt quitting without an aid and encourage them to use or provide subsidized cessation aids. Healthcare providers should advise their patients about approaches to quitting. This study used the most recent nationally representative data for the United States to examine socio-demographic disparities in unaided quitting among current and former daily smokers who made a quit attempt in the last 12 months. Most quit attempts were unaided. People who were male, younger, non-Hispanic black, had lower nicotine dependence, and those who were low income were more likely to make an unaided quit attempt. These results could be used by policy makers and program planners to develop cessation interventions directed at specific populations to improve smoking cessation rates.

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