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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Availability of Tobacco Cessation Services in Substance Use Disorder Treatment Programs: Impact of S

Thursday, July 13, 2017  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Amanda J. Abraham, Grace Bagwell-Adams, Jayani Jayawardhana.
Availability of Tobacco Cessation Services in Substance Use Disorder Treatment Programs: Impact of State Tobacco Control Policy.
Addictive Behaviors. Volume 71, August 2017, Pages 12–17.
 
Given the high prevalence of smoking among substance use disorder (SUD) patients, the specialty SUD treatment system is an important target for adoption and implementation of tobacco cessation (TC) services. While research has addressed the impact of tobacco control on individual tobacco consumption, largely overlooked in the literature is the potential impact of state tobacco control policies on availability of services for tobacco cessation. This paper examines the association between state tobacco control policy and availability of TC services in SUD treatment programs in the United States. State tobacco control and state demographic data (n = 51) were merged with treatment program data from the 2012 National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (n = 10.413) to examine availability of TC screening, counseling and pharmacotherapy services in SUD treatment programs using multivariate logistic regression models clustered at the state-level. Approximately 60% of SUD treatment programs offered TC screening services, 41% offered TC counseling services and 26% offered TC pharmacotherapy services. Results of multivariate logistic regression showed the odds of offering TC services were greater for SUD treatment programs located in states with higher cigarette excise taxes and greater spending on tobacco prevention and control. Findings indicate cigarette excise taxes and recommended funding levels may be effective policy tools for increasing access to TC services in SUD treatment programs. Coupled with changes to insurance coverage for TC under the Affordable Care Act, state tobacco control policy tools may further reduce tobacco use in the United States.


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