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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Disparities in the Receipt of Tobacco Treatment Counseling Within the US Context of the Affordable C

Monday, November 13, 2017  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Andy SL Tan, Kelly C Young-Wolff, Lisa Carter-Harris, Ramzi G Salloum, Smita C Banerjee.
Disparities in the Receipt of Tobacco Treatment Counseling Within the US Context of the Affordable Care Act and Meaningful Use Implementation.
Nicotine & Tobacco Research, ntx233, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntx233
 
Disparities in receiving advice to quit smoking and other tobacco use from health professionals may contribute to the continuing gap in smoking prevalence among priority populations. Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), beginning in 2010, tobacco cessation services are currently covered in private and public health insurance plans. Providers and hospitals are also incentivized through the Meaningful Use of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) to screen and document patients’ tobacco use and deliver brief cessation counseling. This study analyzes trends and correlates of receiving health professionals’ advice to quit and potential disparities among US adult smokers from 2010 to 2015.  Data were from the National Health Interview Survey in 2010 and 2015. We analyzed the weighted prevalence of smokers’ receipt of advice to quit smoking and other tobacco use from a health professional in 2010 and 2015 and correlates of receiving advice to quit. Prevalence of receiving advice to quit from a health professional increased from 51.4% in 2010 to 60.6% in 2015. This positive trend was observed across tobacco disparity population groups. Survey year (2015), age (older), ethnicity (non-Hispanic), region (Northeast), poverty level (above 100% poverty level), past quit attempt, daily smoking, cigarettes per day (11+ per day), and psychological distress were associated with higher odds of receiving advice to quit. Based on national level data, receipt of advice to quit from health professionals increased between 2010 and 2015. However, disparities in receiving advice to quit from health professionals persist in certain populations. This study provides important data on the national trends in receipt of health professional advice to quit smoking and other tobacco use in the context of the ACA and Meaningful Use implementation and whether these policies helped to narrow the gaps in receipt of health professional advice among vulnerable populations.


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