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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Cigarette Smoking, Purchase Patterns, and Cessation-Related Behaviors among Low-Income Smokers in NY

Wednesday, June 23, 2010  
Changes in Cigarette Smoking, Purchase Patterns, and Cessation-Related Behaviors among Low-Income Smokers in New York State from 2002 to 2005
Murphy JM, de Moreno SL, Cummings KM, Hyland A, Mahoney MC. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. 2010 Jul-Aug;16(4):277-84.

This study examined a group of low-income smokers in New York State who were recruited for the study in 2002 and recontacted in 2005. They were asked questions about cigarette smoking, quitting and purchase behaviors, awareness and use of the Quitline, and participation in tobacco industry promotions during the 3-year follow-up period. During the 3 years of the study, 13.5% of participants stopped smoking. Average number of cigarettes smoked per day decreased from 16.1 to 13.7 (p<.01). A larger proportion of smokers reporting having ever used a stop smoking medication (26.6% to 51.9%), having heard of the Quitline (32.5% to 73.0%), or had ever called the Quitline (4.2% to 11.0%). There was also a reported increase in the use of tobacco industry coupons (41.1% to 59.3%). The authors conclude that state and local tobacco control policies and programs are being increasingly utilized by low-income smokers, but that tobacco company price promotions are also being increasingly used, offsetting the public health benefit of the tobacco control policies and programs for this population.

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