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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Smoking Cessation: Next Steps for Special Populations Research and Innovative Treatments

Wednesday, April 13, 2011  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Borrelli B. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology © 2010 American Psychological Association 2010, Vol. 78, No. 1, 1–12.

This article proposes a definition of "special populations” of smokers, including that they have a) 10% higher smoking prevalence than the general population, b) disproportionate tobacco-related health disparities, c) less access to treatments, and d) a lack of prospective longitudinal treatment trials. The author outlines criteria we can use to determine whether an intervention should be adapted for special populations, including differences from the general population in a) rates and patterns of smoking, b) burden of tobacco-related health diseases, c) predictors of smoking behavior, d) risk factors for treatment failure, e) protective factors that facilitate quitting, f) treatment engagement, g) treatment response, and h) perceived social validity of the treatment. Finally, the article outlines a process for achieving a cultural adaptation of an intervention. The author concludes that these considerations could help to jump-start stalled cessation rates.

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