Menthol Cigarettes May Be Tougher to Quit
Friday, August 19, 2011
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Menthol Cigarettes May Be Tougher to
Quit - Web MD
August 17, 2011
menthol cigarettes may make it harder to quit the smoking habit.
study shows people who smoke the mint-flavored cigarettes are less likely to be
successful at smoking cessation. This effect is especially pronounced among
certain ethnic groups.
The results showed that menthol cigarette smokers
were about 9% less likely to have quit smoking overall compared with those who
smoked non-menthol cigarettes. But in looking at quit rates among certain ethnic
groups who smoke menthol cigarettes, Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin were 43%
less likely and African-Americans were 19% less likely to quit
Researchers say the findings support a recent FDA advisory
committee's recommendation that the agency remove menthol cigarettes from the
market to improve public health.
"It follows from these results that
recent calls to ban menthol flavoring would be prudent and evidence-based,"
write researcher Cristine D. Delnevo, PhD, MPH, of the Center for Tobacco
Surveillance and Evaluation Research at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey in
the Journal of Preventive Medicine.
The FDA is considering the
Menthol vs. Non-Menthol
Using information gathered from
2003 and 2006/2007 national surveys, researchers looked at smoking-cessation
rates among menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers. Then they compared
smoking-cessation rates among different ethnic groups.
results show that menthol cigarette smoking was associated with lower levels of
smoking cessation for all groups.
Menthol cigarette smoking was much more
common among African-Americans (71.8%) and Hispanics (28.1%) than whites
When researchers looked closer at smoking-cessation rates among
different ethnic groups and subgroups, they found a wide variation in success
For example, menthol cigarette smoking among Hispanics of Mexican
origin was not significantly associated with smoking cessation.
Hispanics of Puerto Rican origin who smoked menthols were 43% less likely to
quit smoking compared with non-menthol smokers. African-Americans who smoked
menthol cigarettes were 19% less likely to be successful at smoking cessation
than non-menthol smokers.
"Historically, smoking cessation research has
generally grouped Hispanics together and contrasted them with non-Hispanic
whites, thus ignoring the broad heterogeneity of the Hispanic population," says
Delnevo in a news release. "By further drilling down into these subgroups, the
opportunity exists to develop targeted interventions for quit efforts among this
Prevalence Among U.S. Smokers of Menthol Versus Non-Menthol Cigarettes
J Prev Med. Online First August 15, 2011
Delnevo, PhD, MPH, Daniel A. Gundersen, MA, Mary Hrywna, MPH, Sandra E.
Echeverria, PhD, MPH, Michael B. Steinberg, MD, MPH
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