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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Nicotine Dependence as a Moderator of a Quitline-Based Message Framing Intervention.

Thursday, March 08, 2012  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Fucito LM, Latimer AE, Carlin-Menter S, Salovey P, Cummings KM, Makuch RW, Toll BA. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011 Apr 1;114(2-3):229-32. Epub 2010 Oct 30.
This study examined whether nicotine dependence level moderated the effectiveness of gain-framed or standard-care counseling and printed materials provided through the New York State Smokers’ Quitline. Smokers in both arms of the study were also offered a free 2-week supply of patches, gum, or lozenge, if they were eligible.
Those smoking 10 or more cigarettes per day and medically eligible were also offered a free 2-week supply of nicotine patches, gum, or lozenge. At three months, there was no interaction observed between nicotine dependence and message condition (gain-framed vs. usual care) on the likelihood of the smoker being quit (7-day point prevalence abstinence). Among continuing smokers at 3 months, gain-framed messages appeared to reduce variability in response to counseling for all levels of nicotine dependence; both for number of cigarettes smoked per day, and for use of nicotine medications.

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