Nicotine Dependence as a Moderator of a Quitline-Based Message Framing Intervention.
Thursday, March 8, 2012
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Fucito LM, Latimer AE,
Carlin-Menter S, Salovey P, Cummings KM, Makuch RW, Toll BA. Drug Alcohol
Depend. 2011 Apr 1;114(2-3):229-32. Epub 2010 Oct
This study examined whether nicotine dependence
level moderated the effectiveness of gain-framed or standard-care counseling and
printed materials provided through the New York State Smokers’ Quitline. Smokers
in both arms of the study were also offered a free 2-week supply of patches,
gum, or lozenge, if they were eligible.
Those smoking 10 or more cigarettes
per day and medically eligible were also offered a free 2-week supply of
nicotine patches, gum, or lozenge. At three months, there was no interaction
observed between nicotine dependence and message condition (gain-framed vs.
usual care) on the likelihood of the smoker being quit (7-day point prevalence
abstinence). Among continuing smokers at 3 months, gain-framed messages appeared
to reduce variability in response to counseling for all levels of nicotine
dependence; both for number of cigarettes smoked per day, and for use of