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NAQC Newsroom: Research

A Review of Smoking Cessation Interventions for Smokers Aged 50 and Older.

Thursday, March 8, 2012  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Zbikowski SM, Magnusson B, Pockey JR, Tindle HA, Weaver KE. Maturitas 71 (2012): 131– 141.
The authors conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of cessation interventions with smokers aged 50 and older. Thirteen articles met eligibility criteria for inclusion in the review. Nearly all the treatments combined counseling with other strategies. Eight provided medications for smoking cessation. Nine of the 13 reported a significant effect of the intervention at one or more time points, with three studies reporting treatment effects that sustained at 12 months or longer. In general, more intensive interventions and those with combined approaches including medications and follow-up counseling achieved the best outcomes. The authors conclude that while quit rates and relative effectiveness of the interventions included in this study were consistent with the general smoking cessation literature, most treatment effects were short-term, and absolute quit rates were low, "leaving the vast majority of older smokers at high risk for smoking-related health conditions.” The authors also call for more research on interventions tailored for older smokers.

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