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NAQC Newsroom: Research

African American Participation and Success in Telephone Counseling for Smoking Cessation

Thursday, June 14, 2012  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Rabius V, Wiatrek D, McAlister AL. Nicotine Tob Res. 2012 Feb;14(2):240-2. Epub 2011 Jul 20.
This study examined how effectively African Americans are served by telephone counseling based on data from 45,510 callers to the the statewide publicly-funded quitlines in Texas, Louisiana, Washington, and District of Columbia, as well as randomized clinical trial data from 3,522 participants. Results showed that a larger proportion of African Americans tended to use a quitline than are represented in the general population of smokers. African American quit rates, satisfaction levels, and number of counseling sessions completed were equivalent to non-Hispanic "Whites.” In addition, African Americans were more likely to request counseling than non-Hispanic Whites. The authors conclude that telephone counseling is a promising tool for addressing health disparities related to smoking among African Americans.

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