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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Predictors of Abstinence Among Smokers Recruited Actively to Quitline Support.

Thursday, September 13, 2012  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Tzelepis F, Paul CL, Walsh RA, Wiggers J, Duncan SL, Knight J. Addiction. Early View, August 28, 2012.
This study examined the baseline characteristics of smokers actively recruited to proactive telephone counseling in New South Wales, Australia, and investigated which ones were most associated with prolonged abstinence at 4, 7, and 13 months. The study also examine the proportion of successful quitters that would have been excluded from eligibility for telephone counseling if it was limited to only those intending to quit in 30 days at baseline. Results showed that waiting more than 60 minutes to smoke after waking, and intending to quit within 30 days at baseline predicted five of the six prolonged smoking abstinence measures. If telephone counselling was restricted to smokers who at baseline intended to quit within 30 days, somewhere between 54% and 66% of successful quitters would have been excluded from telephone support. The authors conclude that less addicted and more motivated smokers who are actively recruited to quitline support are more likely to achieve abstinence. While most actively recruited smokers reported no intention to quit within the next 30 days, such smokers still achieved long-term abstinence.

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