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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Quitline Cessation Counseling for Young Adult Smokers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Wednesday, November 7, 2012  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Sims TH, McAfee T, Fraser DL, Baker TB, Fiore MC, Smith SS. Nicotine Tob Res. 2012 Oct 18. [Epub ahead of print]

This study tested a quitline-based smoking cessation intervention versus mailed self-help materials in smokers 18-24 years old. Participants were 410 young adults who called the Wisconsin Tobacco Quit Line for help with quitting, and were randomized to the quitline group (receiving up to four proactive counseling sessions) or the self-help only group (mailed printed materials only). Results showed that the quitline group was significantly more likely to set a quit date at one-month post-enrollment, but other outcomes did not differ in the intent-to-treat abstinence analysis. The authors conclude that relative to self-help, quitline counseling motivated young adults to set a quit date, but abstinence rates did not improve. Additional research is needed on motivating young adult smokers to seek cessation treatment, including quitline services.

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