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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Increasing Nursing Referral to Telephone Quitline for Smoking Cessation Using a Web-Based Program

Wednesday, November 7, 2012  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Sarna L, Bialous SA, Ong MK, Wells M, Kotlerman J. Nurs Res. 2012 Oct 12. [Epub ahead of print]

This study assessed the impact of a web-based educational program (Helping Smokers Quit) on the frequency of nurses’ self-reported referral of smokers to a quitline and performance of the 5A’s. Nurses from 30 randomly selected and assigned hospitals from California, Indiana, and West Virginia received a toolkit of materials including a state quitline card and access to the Tobacco Free Nurses Web site. The intervention group also had additional access to a project-specific web page and the opportunity to attend a training webinar. Results showed that of the 333 nurses who completed both a baseline and 6-month survey (209 intervention, 124 control), the intervention group was significantly more likely to improve in Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange, and Referral to quitline, while nurses in the control group significantly improved in Advise and Referral to a quitline. The authors conclude that both the toolkit and enhanced toolkit plus training webinar are both effective strategies in increasing awareness of quitline resources for tobacco cessation.

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