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NAQC Newsroom: Research

State Quitlines and Cessation Patterns Among Adults with Selected Chronic Diseases in 15 States

Wednesday, January 9, 2013  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Bush T, Zbikowski SM, Mahoney L, Deprey M, Mowery P, Cerutti B. Prev Chronic Dis. 2012 Nov;9:E163.

This study examined the demographic characteristics, use of quitline services, and quit rates by chronic disease status among a sample of quitline callers. Results showed that among nearly 200,000 callers, 32.3% reported having one or more chronic diseases (e.g., asthma, coronary artery disease, COPD, or diabetes). Those reporting chronic disease were older and better educated, more likely to be female, have health insurance (including Medicaid), and have used tobacco for 20 years or more. Those with chronic disease were also less likely to report having quit smoking at 7 months after quitline registration (22.3%) than callers who reported having no chronic diseases (29.7%). The authors conclude that continued efforts are needed to ensure cessation treatments are reaching tobacco users who have a chronic disease and to develop and test ways to increase quit rates among them.

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