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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Use and Effectiveness of Quitlines for Smokers with Diabetes: Cessation and Weight Outcomes

Wednesday, July 10, 2013  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov

Schauer GL, Bush T, Cerutti B, Mahoney L, Thompson JR, Zbikowski SM. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013 Jul 3;10:E105. doi: 10.5888/pcd10.120324.

This study assessed the use and effectiveness of a tobacco quitline among tobacco users with diabetes. Data from quitline users both with and without diabetes were analyzed. Results showed that a higher proportion of tobacco users with diabetes used the quitline than are represented in the general population of smokers. There were no statistical differences in quit rates between tobacco users with and without diabetes (24.3% vs. 22.5%). However, those with diabetes reported more weight gain in previous quit attempts (34.2% vs. 22.4% gained more than 20 pounds, P = 0.03). The authors conclude that quitlines are effective for participants with diabetes, but tailored interventions that address weight concerns during cessation are needed.

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