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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Efficacy of a Tobacco Quitline Among Adult Cancer Survivors.

Thursday, May 14, 2015  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Klesges RC, Krukowski RA, Klosky JL, Liu W, Srivastava DK, Boyett JM, Lanctot JQ, Hudson MM, Folsom C, Lando H, Robison LL.
Efficacy of a Tobacco Quitline Among Adult Cancer Survivors.
Prev Med. 2015 Apr;73:22-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.12.019. Epub 2015 Jan 5.
The purpose of the study (conducted 2010-2013) was to determine the efficacy of two common types of tobacco quitlines in adult cancer survivors who regularly smoked cigarettes. Adult onset cancer survivors in Memphis, Tennessee (n=427, 67% female, 60% Caucasian) were randomized either to a Proactive (i.e., counselor-initiated calls) or Reactive (i.e., participant-initiated calls) quitline. Both conditions also received nicotine replacement therapy. The primary outcome was biochemically-verified (i.e., salivary cotinine) smoking cessation.
While 12-month self-reported abstinence was consistent with other published studies of smoking cessation (22% and 26% point prevalence abstinence for Proactive and Reactive conditions, respectively), 48% of participants who were tested for cotinine failed biochemical verification, indicating a considerable falsification of self-reported cessation. Adjusted cessation rates were less than 5% in both intervention conditions.

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