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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Smoking Cessation Awareness and Utilization among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Adults

Thursday, June 11, 2015  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Amanda Fallin, Youn Ok Lee, Keisa Bennett, and Amie Goodin.
Smoking Cessation Awareness and Utilization among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Adults: An Analysis of the 2009-2010 National Adult Tobacco Survey.
Nicotine Tob Res published 25 May 2015, 10.1093/ntr/ntv103.
Each year, there are more than 480,000 deaths in the United States attributed to smoking. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) adults are a vulnerable population that smokes at higher rates than heterosexuals. We used data collected from the National Adult Tobacco Survey 2009-2010, a large, nationally representative study using a randomized, national sample of U.S. landline and cellular telephone listings, (N=118,590). We compared LGBT adults to their heterosexual counterparts with regard to exposure to advertisements promoting smoking cessation, and awareness and use of tobacco treatment services, including quitlines, smoking cessation classes, health professional counseling, nicotine replacement therapy, and medications.
Fewer GBT men, compared to heterosexual men, were aware of the quitline. However, LGBT individuals have similar exposure to tobacco cessation advertising, as well as similar awareness of and use of evidence based cessation methods as compared to heterosexual peers. The similarly of awareness and use of cessation support indicates a need for LGBT-specific efforts to reduce smoking disparities. Potential interventions would include: improving awareness of, access to and acceptability of current cessation methods for LGBT patients, developing tailored cessation interventions, and denormalizing smoking in LGBT community spaces.

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