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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Little Cigars and Cigarillos (LCCs) Use Among Young Adult Cigarette Smokers in the U.S: Understandin

Thursday, July 14, 2016  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Kymberle Landrum Sterling, DrPH, MPH, Craig S. Fryer, DrPH, MPH, Ian Pagano, PhD and Pebbles Fagan, PhD, MPH
Little Cigars and Cigarillos (LCCs) Use Among Young Adult Cigarette Smokers in the U.S: Understanding Risk of Concomitant Use Subtypes.
Nicotine Tob Res (2016)doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntw170First published online: July 6, 2016 

In 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that it would regulate little cigars and cigarillos (LCCs) and expressed concern about the concomitant use of combustible tobacco products. To understand LCC use among socially-disadvantaged cigarette smokers, we assessed 1) the prevalence of concomitant use of subtypes of LCCs: LCC-tobacco, LCC-blunt, and LCC- poly use, which includes use of both LCC-tobacco and LCC-blunt and 2) and its association with sociodemographic factors and substance use behaviors using race/ethnicity and gender stratified models. In 2015, a web-based survey was administered to a national probability sample of Black/African-American, Hispanic/Latino, and White cigarette smokers aged 18-44 (n=1018). Weighted estimates were used to assess current LCC-tobacco, LCC-blunt, and LCC-poly use. Multinomial regression models assessed sociodemographic, other tobacco and substance use correlates associated with LCC user subtypes.
Of cigarette smokers, 63% did not smoke LCCs; 15.1% were LCC-tobacco users; 11.1% were LCC-blunt users; and 10.5% were LCC-poly users. Black/African-American and Hispanic/Latino cigarette smokers had higher odds of LCC-tobacco, LCC-blunt and LCC-poly use compared to White cigarette smokers. Blacks/African-Americans who initiated cigarette smoking before age 18 and smoked other tobacco products had greater odds of LCC-tobacco use than Whites. Male cigarette smokers who smoked other tobacco products and females who had early onset of cigarette use also had greater odds of LCC-tobacco use. Over 30% of cigarette smokers concomitantly used LCCs, which may prolong smoking. Accurate estimates of diverse LCC use behaviors may increase our understanding of the potential harms of concomitant use. Aggregate measures of LCC smoking do not distinguish subtypes of use among socially-disadvantaged cigarette smokers (i.e. young adults, Blacks/African-Americans, Hispanics/Latinos), who may engage in these unique smoking behaviors. We document the prevalence of young adult cigarette smokers who dual use LCC-tobacco and LCC-blunts and are poly users of LCC-tobacco + LCC-blunts, and identify sociodemographic groups at risk for use. The FDA is concerned about concomitant behavior, which may increase chronic disease risk and addiction. Accurate estimates of LCC smoking behaviors may increase our understanding of the harms of concomitant use; which can inform prevention programs that specifically target LCC subtypes.

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