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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Trends in Tobacco Product Use Patterns Among U.S. Youth, 1999 – 2014.

Wednesday, June 7, 2017  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Sherine El-Toukhy, PhD, MA, Melanie Sabado, PhD, MPH, Kelvin Choi, PhD, MPH.
Trends in Tobacco Product Use Patterns Among U.S. Youth, 1999 – 2014.
Nicotine Tob Res 2017 ntx128. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntx128
We examined trends in seven mutually exclusive tobacco product use patterns (T-PUPs) in nationally representative samples of U.S. youth over time and age. We used time varying effect modeling on National Youth Tobacco Surveys, 1999–2014 (N= 38,662, 9–17 years, M= 15.02). Regression coefficients were estimated as a non-parametric function of time. T-PUPs were cigarette only, non-cigarette combustible only, noncombustible only, non-cigarette combustible and noncombustible dual, cigarette and noncombustible dual, cigarette and non-cigarette combustible dual, and POLY (i.e., cigarettes, non-cigarette combustibles, and noncombustibles) use. Among youth tobacco users, cigarette only use was the predominant T-PUP from 1999 to 2010. After 2010 and 2013, non-cigarette combustible only (AOR 1.38, CI 1.02–1.87) and noncombustible only (AOR 1.57, CI 1.00–2.45) use became more prevalent than cigarette only use. In 2011, dual and POLY T-PUPs were on the rise although not significantly different from cigarette only use. Cigarette only use was the predominant T-PUP among 11 to 17-year-old tobacco users. Non-cigarette combustible only (AOR 0.14, CI 0.10–0.19), noncombustible only (AOR 0.01, CI 0.008–0.02), non-cigarette combustible and noncombustible (AOR 0.01, CI 0.01–0.03), cigarette and noncombustible (AOR 0.02, CI 0.01–0.04), cigarette and non-cigarette combustible (AOR 0.32, CI 0.24–0.43), and POLY (AOR 0.02, CI 0.01–0.04) use were less prevalent than cigarette only use at age 17. Non-cigarette, dual, and POLY T-PUPs are rising among youth tobacco users. Screening for all tobacco use and delivering treatment during pediatrician visits should be standard clinical practice. Tracking trends in tobacco product use patterns (T-PUPs) over time and age is necessary to achieve Healthy People 2020 goal of reducing tobacco use among youth. Trends over time show a rise of non-cigarette T-PUPs especially noncombustible products but cigarette only use remains the most prevalent among 11 to 17-year-old tobacco users. The recent extension of FDA’s regulatory jurisdiction over all tobacco products (e.g., e-cigarettes, hookah) is a step toward comprehensive tobacco control especially among youth. Public health practitioners should extend prevention and cessation efforts among youth to T-PUPs beyond exclusive cigarette smoking.

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