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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Interactive Voice Response Calls to Promote Smoking Cessation after Hospital Discharge: Pooled Analy

Thursday, July 13, 2017  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Rigotti NA,  Chang Y, Rosenfeld LC, Japuntich SJ, Park ER, Tindle HA, Levy DE, Reid ZZ, Streck J, Gomperts T, Kelley JHK, Singer DE
Interactive Voice Response Calls to Promote Smoking Cessation after Hospital Discharge: Pooled Analysis of Two Randomized Clinical Trials.
J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Jun 14. doi: 10.1007/s11606-017-4085-z. [Epub ahead of print]
Hospitalization offers smokers an opportunity to quit smoking. Starting cessation treatment in hospital is effective, but sustaining treatment after discharge is a challenge. Automated telephone calls with interactive voice response (IVR) technology could support treatment continuance after discharge. To assess smokers' use of and satisfaction with an IVR-facilitated intervention and to test the relationship between intervention dose and smoking cessation. Analysis of pooled quantitative and qualitative data from the intervention groups of two similar randomized controlled trials with 6-month follow-up. A total of 878 smokers admitted to three hospitals. All received cessation counseling in hospital and planned to stop smoking after discharge. After discharge, participants received free cessation medication and five automated IVR calls over 3 months. Calls delivered messages promoting smoking cessation and medication adherence, offered medication refills, and triaged smokers to additional telephone counseling. Number of IVR calls answered, patient satisfaction, biochemically validated tobacco abstinence 6 months after discharge. Participants answered a median of three of five IVR calls; 70% rated the calls as helpful, citing the social support, access to counseling and medication, and reminders to quit as positive factors. Older smokers (OR 1.36, 95% CI 1.20-1.54 per decade) and smokers hospitalized for a smoking-related disease (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.21-2.23) completed more calls. Smokers who completed more calls had higher quit rates at 6-month follow-up (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.30-1.70, for each additional call) after multivariable adjustment for age, sex, education, discharge diagnosis, nicotine dependence, duration of medication use, and perceived importance of and confidence in quitting. Automated IVR calls to support smoking cessation after hospital discharge were viewed favorably by patients. Higher IVR utilization was associated with higher odds of tobacco abstinence at 6-month follow-up. IVR technology offers health care systems a potentially scalable means of sustaining tobacco cessation interventions after hospital discharge.

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