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NAQC Newsroom: Research

How to Adapt Existing Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines: a Case Example With Smoking Cessa

Monday, November 13, 2017  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Selby P, Hunter K, Rogers J, Lang-Robertson K, Soklaridis S, Chow V, Tremblay M, Koubanioudakis D, Dragonetti R, Hussain S, Zawertailo L.
How to Adapt Existing Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines: a Case Example With Smoking Cessation Guidelines in Canada.
BMJ Open. 2017 Nov 3;7(11):e016124. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016124.

To develop and encourage the adoption of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for smoking cessation in Canada by engaging stakeholders in the adaptation of existing high-quality CPGs using principles of the ADAPTE framework. An independent expert body in guideline review conducted a review and identified six existing CPGs, which met a priori criteria for quality and potential applicability to the local context. Summary statements were extracted and assigned a grade of recommendation and level of evidence by a second expert panel. Regional knowledge exchange brokers recruited additional stakeholders to build a multidisciplinary network of over 800 clinicians, researchers and decision-makers from across Canada. This interprofessional network and other stakeholders were offered various opportunities to provide input on the guideline both online and in person. We actively encouraged end-user input into the development and adaptation of the guidelines to ensure applicability to various practice settings and to promote adoption. The final guideline contained 24 summary statements along with supporting clinical considerations, across six topic area sections. The guideline was adopted by various provincial/territorial and national government and non-governmental organisations. This method can be applied in other jurisdictions to adapt existing high-quality smoking cessation CPGs to the local context and to facilitate subsequent adoption by various stakeholders.

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