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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Support-person Promotion of a Smoking Quitline: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Wednesday, November 9, 2011  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Patten CA, Smith CM, Brockman TA, Decker PA, Hughes CA, Nadeau AM, Sinicrope PS, Offord KP, Lichtenstein E, Zhu SH. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Jul;41(1):17-23.
This study examined the efficacy of an intervention designed to help support people promote smoker utilization of the Minnesota QUITPLAN Helpline. The two group randomized design compared the support person intervention (n=267) with a control condition (written materials, n=267). Participants were 91% female, 93% Caucasian, and all were Minnesota residents. The intervention consisted of written materials plus three weekly telephone sessions that provided participants with information and skills needed to encourage their smoker to call the helpline. Results showed that the proportion of calls to the Helpline was significantly greater for smokers linked to support people in the intervention group (16.1%) than in the control group (8.6%). The effect remained even when controlling for support people and smokers who lived together. Among the intervention group, support people completing a greater number of sessions was associated with increased calls to the Helpline. The authors concluded that a support-person intervention is effective at increasing smoker utilization of a Helpline, and that this method has potential for increasing the reach of quitlines by targeting the social network of smokers.

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