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Knowledge Integration in Quitlines: Networks that Improve Cessation (KIQNIC)

The Knowledge Integration in Quitlines: Networks that Improve Cessation (KIQNIC) grant was awarded to the Arizona Cancer Center at the University of Arizona from the U.S. National Cancer Institute, in 2008 and ended in April 2014. The grant provided funds for a six-year research partnership with NAQC to better understand the communication mechanisms by which quitlines interact, share new evidence, and make decisions about the adoption and implementation of quitline practices.

KIQNIC General Information and Resources

Learn more about KIQNIC by visiting the links below:

Description of KIQNIC research project
Executive summary & glossary
Theoretical and conceptual project framework

KIQNIC Reports

NEW!-Evidence for Quitline Practices – 2014 Update, is intended to provide clarity on the level of scientific evidence for 28 quitline practices, including providing free or reduced NRT, text messaging, e-referrals, etc. Each practice has been scored based on how well it helps quitlines increase either reach or efficacy (quit rates). Specific articles and key talking points are cited for each practice, including the CDC’s recently released "Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs,” the Guide to Community Preventive Services, and numerous Cochrane reviews and other studies.

Quitlines will be able to use this reference document to identify practices that may help improve their reach or quit rates, find rationale and references to help justify implementing new practices, and make decisions about whether or not to discontinue certain practices. It is a "one stop shop” for up to date articles showing evidence for these 28 practices, and a useful tool for anyone needing quick references for grant proposals, evaluation reports, or annual progress summaries.

NEW!- Evidence for Quitline Practices – 2014 Update

KIQNIC Presentations

2009 NAQC Annual Conference presentation
2013 NAQC Conference Presentations:

How is the Network of Quitlines Changing? Key Service Findings of KIQNIC Project
Do the Right Thing, or the Right Thing to Do? Weighing the Evidence: Classification of Quitline Practices According to Type of Evidence  
Do You Trust Me? Why Do Some Quitlines Trust NAQC’s Central Administrative Office More Than Others?
The Practices, They are A-Changin’: Changes in the Levels of Implementation of Quitline Practices  in North American Quitlines 2009-2011
To Adopt or Not Adopt, That is the Question: Decision-Making Factors Associated with the Adoption of Practices by North American Quitlines 
The Complexity of Institutionalizing Evaluation as a Best-Practice in North-American Quitlines(PowerPoint Presentation)

KIQNIC Publications

Please find the list of articles below. If you need to obtain a full version of the article please contact NAQC staff at

1.Scott J. Leischow, Keith Provan, Jonathan Beagles, Joseph Bonito, Erin Ruppel, Gregg Moor, and Jessie Saul. Mapping Tobacco Quitlines in North America: Signaling Pathways to Improve Treatment. American Journal of Public Health: November 2012, Vol. 102, No. 11, pp. 2123-2128.doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300529

2.Joseph A. Bonito , Erin K. Ruppel , Jessie E. Saul & Scott J. Leischow (2013): Assessing the Preconditionsfor Communication Influence on Decision Making: The North American Quitline Consortium, Health Communication, 28:3,248-259

3.Provan, K., Beagles, J., Mercken, L., and Leischow, S. 2012.Awareness of Evidence-Based Practices by Organizationsin a Publicly Funded Smoking Cessation Network. J Public Adm Res Theory. first published online April 19 2012 doi:10.1093/jopart/mus011

4.Provan, Keith G., Jonathan E. Beagles, and Scott J. Leischow. 2011. Network formation, governance, andevolution in public health: The North American Quitline Consortium case. Health Care Management Review 36:315–26.

NAQC’s KIQNIC Workgroup

Over 40 quitlines provided letters of support for this study when the proposal was submitted in 2006, and the research team takes pride in sharing ownership with NAQC. Because KIQNIC is a participatory research project, there were opportunities for quitlines and NAQC members to contribute at each step of the way, including participation on NAQC’s KIQNIC Workgroup. Workgroup members represented the diversity of the quitline community and were responsible for providing feedback to the research team on survey design and content, the analysis of data and how best to communicate results to the field. We thank them for all of their input and work on this project!

Roster of workgroup members

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