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NAQC Newsroom: Research

The Impact of Weight and Weight-Related Perceptions on Smoking Status Among Young Adults in a Text-M

Friday, April 13, 2018  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Kisha I Coa, Erik Augustson, Annette Kaufman.
The Impact of Weight and Weight-Related Perceptions on Smoking Status Among Young Adults in a Text-Messaging Cessation Program.
Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 20, Issue 5, 2 April 2018, Pages 614–619, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntx053
 
Weight gain and concerns about weight can influence a smoker’s ability to successfully quit, and young adults are a subgroup of smokers who are particularly concerned about the impact of quitting on their body weight. This study explored the associations between body mass index, weight perceptions, and smoking status among young adults. The sample consisted of 4027 young adults between the ages of 18 and 29 who participated in a randomized control trial of the National Cancer Institute’s SmokefreeTXT program. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between weight related variables and smoking status. Obese participants had a 0.72 lower odds (95% CI: 0.62, 0.85) of reporting smoking at the end of the program than participants of normal weight, and this difference persisted over time. Weight perceptions were also associated with smoking status. Those who perceived themselves to be slightly underweight/underweight were more likely to report smoking than those who reported being just about the right weight (OR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.20, 1.95), and those who strongly disagreed that smoking cigarettes helps people keep their weight down were less likely to report smoking at the end of treatment than those who neither agreed nor disagreed with this statement (OR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.54, 0.87). Weight related factors assessed at baseline predicted smoking status at the end of treatment and through long term follow-up. Smoking cessation programs that tailor content to addresses the specific needs of weight concerned smokers may enhance effectiveness. This study explores the association between weight related factors and smoking status among young adults, a priority population for smoking cessation efforts. This study demonstrates that both actual weight and weight perceptions (eg, perception of body weight, perception of associations between smoking and weight) are associated with smoking outcomes, and thus need to be a considered in the development of smoking cessation programs.


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