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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Older Smokers' Beliefs about e-Cigarettes and Intent to Quit Conventional Cigarettes.

Thursday, January 17, 2019  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Goldberg RL, Dankiewicz C, Cataldo JK.
Older Smokers' Beliefs about e-Cigarettes and Intent to Quit Conventional Cigarettes.
Gerontol Nurs. 2018 Dec 1;44(12):17-24. doi: 10.3928/00989134-20181018-01.
 
To explore associations between older smokers' attitudes and beliefs about electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and tobacco use behavior, descriptive and correlational analysis of a cross-sectional survey of a random national sample of current smokers (age ≥45 years [considered "older" herein]) was performed. Of 498 older smokers, 75% wanted to quit smoking cigarettes and 60% had tried e-cigarettes. The 108 current e-cigarette users believed e-cigarettes help quit cigarettes (p < 0.001), are safer than cigarettes (p = 0.002), and are acceptable to friends (p = 0.010) and family (p = 0.007). Smokers not considering cessation believed friends and family think it is okay to smoke cigarettes (p < 0.001). Among older smokers: (a) most want to quit cigarettes; (b) e-cigarette use is increasing; (c) most believe e-cigarettes are healthier than cigarettes and effective for cessation; and (d) perceived social acceptability modifies tobacco use behavior by influencing initiation and maintenance of conventional cigarette and e-cigarette use. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 44(12), 17-24.].

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