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NAQC Newsroom: Research

Socioeconomic Differences in Cigarette Smoking Among Sociodemographic Groups.

Thursday, June 20, 2019  
Posted by: Natalia Gromov
Garrett BE, Martell BN,Caraballo RS, King BA.
Socioeconomic Differences in Cigarette Smoking Among Sociodemographic Groups.
Prev Chronic Dis 2019;16:180553. DOI:
We examined variations in cigarette smoking by socioeconomic status (education and poverty status) in relation to population sociodemographic characteristics (age, race/ethnicity, region and sex). We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of US adults by using combined data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2011–2014). Low socioeconomic status was generally associated with increased cigarette smoking prevalence by age, race/ethnicity, and region, irrespective of sex. The only exceptions were for Asian and Hispanic women, where low educational attainment was not associated with a high prevalence of cigarette smoking, and among Hispanic men and Asian women, where there was no association between poverty status and smoking. Efforts to reach smokers of low  
socioeconomic status by using proven tobacco control strategies could reduce disparities in cigarette smoking and smoking-related disease and death.


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